These tantra yoga texts have been the main supply of Buddhist knowledge that was imported into Tibet. They have been later translated into Chinese and other Asian languages, helping unfold concepts of Tantric Buddhism. The Buddhist textual content Hevajra Tantra and Caryāgiti launched hierarchies of chakras. According to Tattvarthasutra, 2nd century CE Jain textual content, yoga is the sum of all of the actions of mind, speech and body. Umasvati calls yoga the cause of “asrava” or karmic influx in addition to one of the essentials—samyak caritra—within the path to liberation. In his Niyamasara, Acarya Kundakunda, describes yoga bhakti—devotion to the trail to liberation—as the highest form of devotion.
They both hold that the free conscience is aloof but transcendent, liberated and self-conscious. Further, Advaita Vedanta school enjoins the use of Patanjali’s yoga practices and the reading of Upanishads for these in search of the supreme good, ultimate freedom and jivanmukti. Similarly, Brahma sutras – the foundational text of the Vedanta faculty of Hinduism, discusses yoga in its sutra 2.1.3, 2.1.223 and others. Brahma sutras are estimated to have been full in the surviving kind someday between 450 BCE to 200 CE, and its sutras assert that yoga is a … Read the rest