Yoga Fundamentals

It takes the form of a dialogue between Yajnavalkya and Gargi, a famend philosopher. The text incorporates 12 chapters and its origin has been traced to the period between the second century BCE and fourth century CE. Many yoga texts just like the Hatha Yoga Pradipika, the Yoga Kundalini and the Yoga Tattva Upanishads have borrowed verses from or make frequent references to the Yoga Yajnavalkya. The Yoga Yajnavalkya discusses eight yoga Asanas – Swastika, Gomukha, Padma, Vira, Simha, Bhadra, Mukta and Mayura, numerous breathing exercises for physique cleansing, and meditation. During the period between the Mauryan and the Gupta eras (c. 200 BCE–500 CE) the Indic traditions of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism were taking type and coherent systems of yoga began to emerge. This period witnessed many new texts from these traditions discussing and systematically compiling yoga strategies and practices.

Its epistemology and metaphysics is just like that of …