Because your physique both does not produce or does not respond to insulin, your cells don’t take in glucose from your bloodstream, which causes you to have high blood-glucose levels. Now that you know the signs of diabetes — excessive blood glucose, extreme hunger and thirst, frequent urination — let’s look at what occurs to your body throughout diabetes. For the needs of this dialogue, let’s suppose that you have undiagnosed, and due to this fact unmanaged, diabetes.
In contrast, if you end up between meals or sleeping, your physique is actually ravenous. Your cells want supplies of glucose from the blood so as to maintain going. During these instances, slight drops in blood-sugar ranges stimulate glucagon secretion from the pancreatic alpha cells and inhibit insulin secretion from the beta cells. Glucagon acts on liver, muscle and kidney tissue to mobilize glucose from glycogen or to make glucose that gets released into the blood. This action prevents the blood-glucose concentration from falling drastically. So how does your physique know when to secrete glucagon or insulin? Normally, the levels of insulin and glucagon are counter-balanced within the bloodstream.